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Water Management Associations
Manoomin – The Good Berry
Twenty-three years ago, I canoed the upper Mississippi River for the first time. It was early October on a glorious blue-sky day with brightly colored fall foliage everywhere throughout the adjacent forests. Numerous and nearly impenetrable stands of cattails often blocked passage along the river’s channel, requiring me to carefully examine the current’s direction to learn which way to go.

Upon emerging from one such vegetation-chocked portion of the flowage, I was thrilled to once again see the coursing river channel that promised easy paddling and a much-needed reprieve. Instead of an endless wall of cattails, I was presented with the sight of tall golden grasses on both sides of the river swaying in the wind.

The Ojibwa called this life giving water-grass “manoomin”, which means “good berry.” So important was this food source to Minnesota’s indigenous people that many settlements were established nearby. Declared as Minnesota’s official state grain, the good berry is commonly known today as wild rice. In good years, one acre of wild rice can produce 500 pounds of grain. Native only to North America, wild rice can be found from Manitoba to Florida, but is most plentiful throughout the Great Lakes region.

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The Community Impact of Invasive Species in Michigan - Invasive species costs governments—and the taxpayers who fund them—big time. Consider the sea lamprey, the first known aquatic invasive species in the Great Lakes, which arrived back in the 1830s. The Great Lakes Fishery Commission, funded by both the U.S. and Canadian federal governments, spends $18 million a year controlling the pest. And it's that or we lose even more.

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