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Nutrient Pollution Damages Stream Health
An important food resource has been disappearing from streams without anyone noticing until now.

In a new study published March 6 in the journal Science, a team of researchers led by University of Georgia ecologists reports that nutrient pollution causes a significant loss of forest-derived carbon from stream ecosystems, reducing the ability of streams to support aquatic life.

The findings show that the in-stream residence time of carbon from leaves, twigs and other forest matter, which provide much of the energy that fuels stream food webs, is cut in half when moderate amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus are added to a stream.

Stream food webs are based on carbon from two main sources. One is algae, which produce carbon through photosynthesis. Nutrient pollution has long been known to increase carbon production by algae, often causing nuisance and harmful algal blooms. The second source is leaves and bits of wood from streamside forests. This forest-derived carbon typically persists year-round, making it a staple food resource for stream organisms.

This study shows how excess nutrients reduce stream health in a way that was previously unknown.


 
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Water Pollution Caused by Birth Control - After the active ingredient in most birth control pills has done its duty at preventing pregnancy, it begins a second life as a pollutant that can harm wildlife in waterways. Ethinyl estradiol is quite potent which is creating “intersex” fish and amphibians, plus it is very difficult to remove from wastewater.


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